Rsync is a great utility to manage downloads of transformation of Linux hosting servers and it is very easy to set up on a web hosting server. After technically studying it one comes to know that it copies only diffs of files which have been actually changed and compressed, through SSH. And this copying process is conducted without any scripted FTP session or any other format of file transfer script.
Following are a few concepts explained which are involved in ‘Rsync’ operations.
Diffs – Not the whole file, but only the changed portion of those files are transferred. This selective transformation makes the speed of update process faster. Unlike ‘Diffs’ FTP transfers the entire file though the change is very tiny.
Compression – The transferred small portions (Diffs) of the files are compressed while the transformation process is going on and this reduces the time required for transferring the Diffs. This also reduces the load on networks used for transformation.
SSH Encryption – With ‘Rsync’ security is provided on (a) higher level than the FTP because the stream from ‘Rsync’ is passed through the ssh protocol which encrypts your session and not the RSH.
Rsync can not be used with a windows web hosting server so one should approach other suitable utilities like ‘Robocopy’ or ‘Richcopy’.
The ways to connect by FTP to a host for your web hosting account are mentioned below :
The most simple way to connect is by using IE which has proved to the best in regards to FTP support. For connecting with your browser, you need to use the below mentioned address :
If your FTP user to connect is similar to [email protected], then you will have to make sure that you URL encode it like the below mentioned :
This address is URL encoded and comes from [email protected] where @ has been substituted with %40, which is the ASCII code for @.
FileZilla is one of the most efficient and reliable platform for cross platform FTP, FTPS and SFTP and is powered with a lot of attractive features with a graphical user interface. Very useful in regards to your web hosting account.
Some of the key features for FileZilla are mentioned below :
- User Friendly interface making it easy to use
- Compatibility with Linux, Windows, Mac and other Operating systems
- Supports Ipv6
- Available in multiple languages
- Large files can be transfered easily with resume and transfer options
- User interface is tabbed for better use and performance
- Effective transfer queue geared up with a efficient site manager
- Drag and drop options available
- Transfer speed limit can be configured suiting your requirement
- Filtration according to file name is possible
- Comparison by Directory
- File editing and searching can be done remotely
It is always said that before signing any contract, Read it care fully. When you opt for the Web hosting provider there are many technical terms that can confuse you or may be you are completely unaware of it. Unfortunately not all people are honest in this business. This people will take advantage of your innocence. You should not behave like a newcomer. For this a good understanding of the web hosting world and the technical terms used in it.
When you think of hosting your site i.e. you need to upload the web pages on to the server, for this you need to rent the disk space, and also confirm that the amount of the data transfer is enough to get the needed amount of content for the expected number of visitors.
People generally feel shy while asking anything, what we would suggest is never be afraid of asking questions when you pay for it. You should never enter any deal unless you are crystal clear about the deal. Ample of online material is available for you, read few online glossaries on web hosting and building your website.
Take a look at some of the technical terms that you should be aware of while choosing the web host:
Bandwidth: Bandwidth is usually measured in bit per second (bps). This is the amount of data that can be transferred from the device or it is the amount of the data that the connection support. It is usually referred as “Data transfer”
CGI: It is short hand for common gateway interface. It describes how the web server interacts with other software on the same machine.
CGI-Bin Access: It is the ability of the customer to write special programs that reside in the CGI-BIN and manipulate the data on the same site.
Disk Space: This is just like your local had drive which can store your data. This disk space is responsible for storing your web pages, HTML, CGI BIN programs, images, sound clips, e mail, log files, audio, video etc. 1MB is one Million Bytes, 100k is approximately 100000 bytes.
Domain Name: This is the name given to your sites which is unique al over the world. You can access the site by typing this name in the browsers. This name has two or more parts which is separated by periods.
Domain Name registration: When you think of any name to your site, you have to check if it is available or not, it can be used by somebody else. If it is available you have to register it. The process of registering it is Domain Name registration.
FTP: This is the standard way of transferring the data from the web server, without using the web browser. FTP softwares are available to make this task of transferring file to and from the internet easy.
Home Page : This is the first page of your web site, a first page in a domain’s public directory, usually “index.php” or “index.html” and it loads at first from the site.
Hosting provider: A company that is dedicated to provide server space for hosting the sites.
ISP: It is Internet Service provider. It is the ISP that connects your home or office to the internet. It can be different than your hosting provider. ISP is how you access the internet with your computer.
POP: POP is standard protocol to retrieve the e-mail from your mail server. Almost all the email programs use POP and IMAP. POP is a shorthand for post office protocol.
Server : In the network, you have two types of computers: Client and Server. Server is the computer that is the master computer with mostly with higher resolution and it provides data , acts as a central repository between the client computer.
UNIX : UNIX is an operating system. It is commonly used on servers. It has number of variants, descendants and derivatives which includes LINUX, Apple MAC OS and many others.
URL: It is uniform resource locator. This is the standard means of providing a standard means to a particular resource on the network i.e. World Wide Web. A URL looks like www.host.co.in
We have given some of the terms that are very simple to understand and very important to be known before choosing the web host.
To take advantage of the FTP which is lying behind the fast and easy transfer of files over the internet, and as the transfer over the internet is growing like a fire there exist a need to have some important things at hand, A FTP Client and an active FTP account.
Through this FTP Client tool the users will connect to the server, this connection is a real time connection. When the user tries to connect to the server through the Client tool the FTP account checks if the user which is trying to connect is having the authorization for that. If the FTP account allows to connect then the user can download or Upload the data from/to the server. This administration of the FTP accounts is executed through Specific FTP manager software.
The FTP area is responsible to deal with the tools that relates to set up and manage the FTP accounts, it manages the FTP sessions as well. FTP is a File transfer Protocol method by which you can transfer the files between computers, usually used over the internet. There is a large amount of information stored on the FTP servers, which can be accessed only through FTP.
You can use any software package for FTP. Many browser include some of its features as built in. for eg Internet Explorer. Many special FTP applications are available such as CuteFTP, WS_FTP).
Cpanel allows you to set up FTP accounts so that many users can access a restricted part of the system. Cpanel comes with almost all good hosting packages. If the user is not authenticated or doesn’t have a right to access the full functionality on FTP server, he can use the anonymous FTP account to use the restricted part of the system. This Anonymous can be set up through Cpanel.
Installing FrontPage Extensions.
These extensions are very important in order to directly publish site from FrontPage application. This means that the user will not have to use FTP for uploading files or any other method.
How to install Frontpage 1.1 extensions for Microsoft IIS server?
1. Log onto Windows NT Server as Administrator.
2. Start Internet Service Manager and select WWW service. Go to the Menu and click on the Services properties
3. Go to the password Authentication section on the Service tab, click on the check box for selecting “Basic (clear text)” check box and then click Apply and OK.
4. The FrontPage server extensions file should be double clicked in order to decompress it.
a. If you have already decompressed while installing the FrontPage ignore this step and perform the nest step. At the end of the decompression process click on Yes when it prompts to start the server. Go to step 5.
b. Start the server Administration for FrontPage
5. On the dialogue box check the Ports Section. You have to be make it clear that no extensions are installed on the port where the IIS is running. If there are any such Extensions uninstall them. Once you find the port is totally free then click on install and refer the steps below
a. Select the Internet information Server from the server type list in the Configure Server type dialogue box.
b. In this Server configuration dialogue box type the port no for the server. Until you have bound multiple Ip address for your NT server and this Ip address are assigned to the virtual servers in IIS please do not enter the IP address in the multi hosting section.
c. Click Ok for the confirmation.
d. Type Administrator in the Name box in the Administrator for personal webserver box. Enter ‘x’ the password and confirm password boxes (without quotation marks). Click OK
6. Now, click on the open web file menu to connect to the Microsoft Internet Sever using FrontPage Explorer.
7. Type Hostname / IP Address to the IIS on the Open Web dialogue box in FrontPage Explorer.
8. Use the same login details that you use to login on Windows NT, when prompted for user name and password.
Installation is now complete. Explore IIS with FrontPage
Static IP web hosting or Dedicated IP web hosting is one of the hosting solutions offered by web hosts. In this, a unique IP address is exclusively assigned for an individual domain. A visitor can type the domain name or even the IP address to access the website.
There is difference in the web hosting accounts, depending on whether the IP is unique or shared. An exclusively unique IP address can be purchased from the web hosting provider. These websites allow customers to upload the content and other files to their personal and secure web space. Such services are recommended for large businesses and e-commerce websites, as unique IP’s offer better security.
A website with a shared IP is more prone to attacks and spams. A major advantage of having a dedicated IP for a domain is that, it provides greater flexibility. One can install a private SSL certificate alongwith an anonymous FTP. An SSL certificate proves to be very useful for businesses that involves online payments, as it is encrypted. With FTP, individuals can share information on the World Wide Web. The public directory of a companies website can be accessed using a FTP software.
Once a dedicated IP is assigned to the web hosting account, an owner of a business gets more benefits for the website. A website with a dedicated IP gets rewarded in the SERP’s, which is one of the major factors for a business to succeed.
One can find number of web hosting providers who provide such services at reasonable prices. Prices do vary from company to company. Hence, it is important for an individual to do research in this regard. It is suggested to discuss the need of a dedicated IP for a domain with their web hosts, probably they are the best people to offer you the best solution.