Dedicated server hosting and Colocation services are two very common terms referred by webmasters. Both these types of services are usually preferred by large organizations and enterprises to carry out their mission critical business.Both share similarity from an operations perspective.The only major difference in these two is that, Dedicated servers offered by web hosting companies are owned by the host. Whereas, in Colocation services,the server hardware is owned by the company/organizations/enterprises who have their website/s and other data placed onto the servers.
Dedicated server hosting also referred as Dedicated Web Hosting, is one of the highly secure types of web hosting services.Usually, this type of services are used by large businesses,organizations and enterprises.Highest level of data security can be availed with this type of web hosting service.
A Dedicated server can further be distinguished based on two of the highly popular platforms hence the services Linux Dedicated Server Hosting and Windows Dedicated server hosting in the Web Hosting industry.
If you sign up for a Dedicated Server Hosting package,you are the sole owner of the server and the server is not shared by anyone.It is similar to owning the server. With this server hosting package you get root or admin access of the server,which enables them to use the server as per your requirements.Further,you have the option to choose between Managed Dedicated Server Hosting solutions and Unmanaged Dedicated Server hosting. A managed dedicated server means that the critical part of hardware maintenance, data back-up, security,uploading patches etc.is taken care by the hosting provider. Whereas with an Unmanaged web hosting solution, the hardware maintenance, back up and other server administration tasks need to be taken care by you.In this the host offers plain server connected to the redundant network, power etc.
Unmanaged server plans are cheaper than Managed Servers.If you are a Web master and experienced with Server management,you may opt. for Unmanaged services, but it is suggested to choose Managed Hosting services,with it you can utilize your time and resources for other business while the hosting provider takes care of the server administration part.
A dedicated server offers optimum security as compared to other hosting types.You can get optimum performance of your website with this type of web hosting solution.With a dedicated hosting solution, one has the complete freedom to modify the server settings of sever hardware components and operating system as per your business requirements. You can also ask for customization of the server hardware.Inadition to these benefits, a web hosting control panel alongwith the server can add to the ease of managing the web hosting accounts. With a dedicated server, one gets complete administrative access to the server, with which you can install, uninstall, modify, delete, upload, download data,softwares of your choice.
The other type of web hosting service offered by Hosts is the Colocation Web Hosting service.Colocation which is also referred as “Colo”, is a Web server hosting service. In this type of hosting solution, you can place your own server hardware in the data center of the Hosting provider.To avail this service,you are required to have your own server hardware and software licenses to place in the data center. In this type of service, the customer has the flexibility to manage, secure and take care of maintenance of their servers. The host offers space for servers, security, redundancy,network connectivity, bandwidth etc.for your servers. Colocation service is one of the most expensive type of web hosting service.People with good experience in server administration use such services. Also, the maintenance, upgrades of the server is taken care by the owner of the server (though some web hosting providers do offer managed collocation services as well).
There are few advantages as well as disadvantages to both these types of services. With a dedicated server hosting you get the complete access to the server except that you are not the owner of the hardware. Whereas, in Colocation Hosting, the hardware is owned by you, therefore you need to bear initial set-up cost. In addition to that there is an additional charge for housing the hardware in the datacenter of the web hosting provider.Server hardware is expensive,therefore the investment cost is high.