Archive

Archive for the ‘Web’ Category

Developing a Website Using the Joomla CMS

July 20th, 2012 Comments off

Joomla Content Management System and Blogging Logo

Purpose of a CMS (Content Management System)

As the webmaster of a busy website you will be familiar with the process of updating the content of your website on a regular basis, regardless of how you achieve this. Some websites are still based around the static HTML model which means that a website must first be modified on a desktop computer using website design software before the modified pages are uploaded the hosting server, often through FTP although there are other methods of file transfer available. The process of modifying a static website can be time consuming and there is always room for error that could impact on the design or layout of the website; CMS (content management systems) systems have been developed to improve the way in which webmasters manage their websites by only allowing the modification of content and no code. A CMS can be seen as offering webmasters and web developers benefits such as:

  • The application that will run the core of your website is solid and well tested; all you need to do is perform a professional installation and install a theme that matches the design of your business and you are set to go
  • There are a number of plug-ins available for popular open-source applications, such as Joomla, that can be used to add additional functionality to the application and improve your overall experience as a webmaster.

Joomla is a popular PHP and MySQL based CMS that is one of the most advanced platforms available for developing a website on, having been developed to be a CMS from the start whereas WordPress, another popular platform, is better served as a blogging application. As PHP and MySQL are technologies supported by both Windows and Linux, any web hosting service from Host.co.in can provide you with the features necessary to run an effective installation of Joomla.

Installing Joomla

Host.co.in offers a software management application with our Linux shared web hosting plans called Softaculous; this can be used to install a number of popular web applications, including Joomla, in your web space in just a few clicks and saves you the time and hassle of having to setup databases and the correct permissions. If you are using any other form of hosting then you will probably need to investigate other installation methods that are available and suit your hosting environment.

For the most part the manual installation of Joomla is a simple procedure that consists of the following steps:

  1. Download the latest version of Joomla from the software’s official website, located at www.joomla.org
  2. Unzip/untar the package that you have downloaded to your desktop
  3. Login to your web hosting account using FTP or any other method of file transfer
  4. Upload the contents of the unzipped/untarred file to your web space
  5. Login to your web hosting control panel and create a new MySQL database for your website
  6. Navigate to your website or the directory on your website in which you have installed Joomla where the Pre-installation Check screen should be visible; following the installation steps and you should then have a fully working Joomla installation at the end.

If you require assistance with the installation of Joomla then Host.co.in’s 24×7 support team can assist you with the installation process if necessary. Our highly knowledgeable staff can perform a clean and professional installation for you at no cost.

Themes and Plugins

Like a majority of third-party applications that are designed for open source use, Joomla has large repositories of themes and plugins for you to choose from that can be used to provide your website with a fresh new design and to extend the core functionality of the application. There are of course APIs available for you to develop your own themes and plugins if you are an advanced user with knowledge of the PHP scripting language, so even though you are going to be basing your website on a third-party application, there is a lot of room for customization.

Creating a theme that is consistent with your business’s branding is an important aspect of developing a web presence because you want your website to stand out to your visitors as being your brand. Developing a theme for Joomla will require knowledge of CSS and HTML as well as a slight bit of PHP so that you can create an effective layout. If you feel that you don’t have the skills required for this then you can always use one of the freely available themes.

Even though Joomla is one of the most feature-rich web applications available, there may be something that you’re looking for that it doesn’t appear to have. Such thoughts can be remedied with the addition of plugins to create new features for Joomla that aren’t part of the core of the software. In order to create effective and stable plugins it is necessary for you to be competent with the PHP scripting language as your code will need to be secure, but also function correctly with the rest of the application.

Why Should You Use Flash Video (.flv) Format On Websites?

March 1st, 2012 Comments off

While browsing various websites you can notice that inclusion of videos in website has become quite common and also important these days. Video websites are known for highly visited websites on the internet so to loose such visitors to video websites, webmasters have started to display the required videos from their own websites. This keeps the visitor busy on their own website and prevents him from getting distracted to video websites. Apart from this, inclusion of videos is also very important as video marketing is one of the most effective marketing techniques.

‘Embedding a video’ is a very popular technique followed by several webmasters, as it saves you website hosting resources and the video is actually hosted on another video sharing website. But there are some other disadvantages of embedding of video, as the watermark of video sharing website will always appear in the video clip and you have to solely remain dependent on that particular video website for the accessibility of embedded videos. If you want to get rid of this kind of embedding then the only solution for it is directly uploading that video on your webpages and to save the resources you should use flash video format, which is the most used video format over the internet. ‘flv’ is the lightest format can be used for video files and it also has the advantage of cross platform support and built-in streaming ability. Due to use of specialized compression technique, .flv files are very small in size and can be loaded and browsed easily with enhanced speed. Surprisingly there is no effect on the quality of video due to such compression. High audio quality with stereophonic sound can be achieved with flv video formats. With help of Flash CS3 video encoder, some widely available third party software one can easily convert flv video files in to flash movies. If you are the real owner of the video held on your website then most of the Flash FLV players allow you to attach your own logo to avoid any possible theft of your video.

Know More About FQDN, HTTP, HTTPS and FTP

March 1st, 2012 Comments off
As most of us know about the high popularity of internet services, many of the people just use the internet smoothly but they are not aware of actually what goes on behind the scene. Here I won’t drag you in typical description that how the Internet is the network of many big networks and so on, but while studying the functioning of the internet, websites and web hosting server, we would come to know that they are expected to fulfill the requests of client computers for specific webpages. Such clients use applications called browsers (Firefox, IE, Chrome etc.) while performing such requests for their desired webpages. Normally a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is typed by client in to the address bar of the particular browser used by him, to direct to a web server by means of its Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN). For example to visit Host.co.in’s home page a visitor is required to only type http://www.host.co.in (FQDN) but if he want to visit contact us information of Host.co.in then he need to type FQDN (http://www.host.co.in) followed by path (/contactus.php)
‘http’(Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) is the most commonly used protocol for transferring webpages. There are also other two other types of protocols supported as ‘https’(Hyper Text Transfer Protocol over Secure Sockets Layer) and ‘FTP’ (File Transfer Protocol) specially used for uploading and downloading files.

How to Extend Maximum Upload File Size In WordPress?

January 31st, 2012 Comments off

As most of use know and WordPress is the most popular platform for building websites and blogs. While working in wordpress many times you need to upload the data. This data can be of any type like an application file, an image or any video. The default limit set for such uploads is 8 megabytes. Experienced webmasters who has hosted there websites with large web hosting resources, know very well that many times the data to be uploaded can be larger than 8 megabytes and fortunately one can increase this 8 megabytes limit in wordpress. Many webmaster try to do it by making changes in ‘.htaccess‘ file, but this doesn’t work always. I would like to share following simple method to extend the maximum upload file size limit in wordpress.

  • Crate a ‘php.ini’ file and upload it in to ‘/wp-admin’ folder.
  • Then add the following code

memory_limit = 28M

upload_max_filesize = 28M

post_max_size = 28M

file_uploads = On

Here I have used 28 megabytes for just a example and you can replace with your desired limit to be set for maximum upload file size limit in wordpress.

Overview of PDF Format

January 27th, 2012 Comments off

‘Portable Document Format’ which is widely known as PDF is a self-contained cross-platform document from the famous ‘Adobe Systems’. Working with PDF document has become a regular affair now. In day to day business activities one needs to put a lot of documents together by merging multiple documents in to a single PDF file, this is also called working with PDF Mode. PDF is very handy to create the documents which are not easy to edit and are not created with the purpose of avoiding any future edition work on them.

A typical PDF document appears similar to a normal document on the screen as well as in a printed format but unlike a word document, the user is not capable of editing it normally. Its appearance is also free from the software package, computer and operation system originally used to create it. PDF format files are highly compressed though they contain text, images, graphs and any other data to be used for display purpose, this high compression enable it to get downloaded quickly and efficiently. Maintaining its original (at the time of creation) format at recipient’s end is the feature makes PDF very popular. Though PDF works almost on all platforms but one needs to install the required ‘reader application’ (Adobe Reader) to make the system compatible of reading PDF files. In case of Linux systems of Linux Hosting servers the software are available different than the software for Windows website hosting servers. Because of its reliability most of the business houses use PDF for documentation for disseminating many of their business activities. While working on the internet if you do not want to save or download a PDF then you can also read the file on a temporary basis and once you close the browser (or tab) it will also get closed without saving any data on your local computer.

Difference Between Video Conference And Web Conference

December 29th, 2011 Comments off

Meetings are one of the most important activities in Business houses, because any important decision related to business can be taken after arranging proper discussion among the important authorities of that particular organization. Now a days many organizations have placed their business houses at different geographical locations to work as branch offices and this is very necessary especially for multinational companies. Regular communication is very important among these branches situated miles away from each other, telephonic communication and communication through Internet services are vastly used for this purpose but old technologies were allowing just two people to communicate at the same time with each other and it was not possible to bring more than two people in such a discussion. Web Conferencing is the technology, introduced to overcome this limited number of people’s ability to participate in a meeting held at a far away location.

Web conference allows multiple persons to interact with each other being situated at any place(with the availability of internet, software and required hardware for conference) in the world. Now a days due to new invention in conference technology people can not only communicate but also can see each other on screen (real-time) while the conference is being carried out, this is called Video Conferencing. Web conferences are more popular among professional business houses for simple oral communication but when you need to represent any images, videos which contain different surveys, numbers and graphs then video conference is most effective to share this kind of data among all attendees. Furthermore looking each other while communication creates a special psychological effect over the people in communication with each other. Video conference also plays an important role in different types of scientific projects where a person need to share his experiments visually among multiple people.

An Overview of XML – Part 1

December 7th, 2011 Comments off

XML stands for ‘eXtensible Markup Language’, a meta-language which is used to create other languages. In XML data remains marked up with tags, somewhat similar to HTML tags. Interestingly, the recently launched HTML version is called XHTML, which is based on XML and follows the syntax rules set in XML.

XML is mainly intended to be used for the purpose of storing data and information. This data further can be read mostly by machines and on a few occasions by humans also. This data is mostly stored in databases and it can be also stored in normal spreadsheets but one more specialty XML has that it can also store data in loosely structured manner i.e. data stored in letters or manuals.

Despite being very useful XML is found lagging behind the other competitive technologies like HTML. When you see a HTML page through your browser it is a nice thing and this is something XML misses out, one really needs to work very hard to make a XML document exciting. The main feature of XML is to store the data in databases and spreadsheets, so that applications can use it for various processes. There are very few areas, where XML has a supremacy over its competitors like it has its own separate structure of formatting where as HTML documents, word processor documents, spreadsheets have some mess-up because of mix structures with formatting which makes things difficult to handle content and design of a webpage. In XML certain predefined tags used for emphasizing can be placed in <em> tags for some other purpose, because a XML document never define that how the content of the particular tag should be displayed and the formatting part is left to an external stylesheet.

Customization Options With Time Formats In WordPress.

November 4th, 2011 Comments off

Most of the webmasters prefer to display time on their websites or blog, for particular events like post submitted, comment posted. In the previous post we saw ‘Customization Options With Date Formats In WordPress. In this post I would like to share similar type of options available to customize the Time formats. Following are the characters to be entered in the ‘Text Box’ beside the custom button option under ‘Time Format’, to get the output shown, on the actual Website or Blog.

a

Small form of character ‘A’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Abbreviation – AM and PM Ante Meridiem and Post Meridiem’ after the time as ‘character in lower case’. e.g. am, pm

A

Capital form of character ‘A’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Abbreviation – AM and PM Ante Meridiem and Post Meridiem’ after the time as ‘character in upper case’. e.g. AM, PM

g

Small form of character ‘G’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Hour in 12-hour format without leading zeros’. e.g. 1 to 12…..

h

Small form of character ‘H’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Hour in 12-hour format with leading zeros’. e.g. 01, 02 to 12…..

G

Capital form of character ‘G’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Hour in 24-hour format without leading zeros’. e.g. 1 to 23

H

Capital form of character ‘G’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Hour in 24-hour format with leading zeros’. e.g. 01, 02 to 23

i

Small form of character ‘I’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Minutes, with leading zeros’. e.g. 01, 02 to 59

s

Small form of character ‘S’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Seconds, with leading zeros’. e.g. 00, 01, 02 to 59

T

Capital form of character ‘T’ is used to get the appearance of ‘Timezone abbreviation ’. e.g. EST, MDT…..

c

Small form of character ‘C’ is used to get the appearance of ‘ISO 8601 Standard format’. e.g. 2011-12-10T18:32:10+00:00

r

Small form of character ‘R’ is used to get the appearance of ‘RFC 2822 Standard format’. e.g. Fri, 21 Oct 2011 21:01:07 +0200

Customization Options With Date Formats In WordPress

October 24th, 2011 Comments off

When WordPress is used as a CMS on a Web Hosting account, it provides many great features within its Dashbord. ‘Date Format’ and ‘Time Format’ are two of these options available to display the Date and Time on your website or blog, according to your need. There are some regularly found formats available in predefined form, but few webmasters like to use their own customized formats. The ‘Custom’ option button (radio button) is available under both ‘Date Format’ and ‘Time Format’ for such customization. This post is for the webmasters who are newbies and never handled these predefined formats in custom field.

Following are the characters to be entered in the ‘Text Box’ beside the custom button option under ‘Date Format’, to get the output shown on the actual Website or Blog.

d

Small form of character ‘D’ is used to get the output of Date as ‘Numeric and with leading zero’ for example Dates from 1 to 9 will be shown as 01, 02, 03……

j

Small form of the character ‘J’ is used to get appearance of full name of the Date of month in numeric format. e.g. 1, 2, 3…..

S

Capital form of the character ‘S’ is used to get the appearance of suffix for the date . e.g. ‘st‘, ‘nd‘, ‘rd‘, ‘th‘ in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th…..

l

Small form of the character ‘L’ used to get the appearance of full name of the day. e.g. Monday, Tuesday…..

D

Capital form of the character ‘D’ is f used to get the appearance of day of the week with first three characters only. e.g. Mon, Tue, Wed…

m

Small form of character ‘M’ is used to get the appearance of Month as ‘Numeric and with leading zero’ format. e.g. month of from January to December will be shown as 01 to 12…..

n

Small form of character ‘N’ is used to get the appearance of Month as ‘Numeric and without leading zero’ format. e.g. month of from January to December will be shown as 1, 2, 3, 4, to 12

F

Capital form of character ‘F’ is used to get the appearance of Month as ‘Full name as Characters’ format. e.g. January, February…..

M

Capital form of character ‘M’ is used to get the appearance of Month as ‘with first three characters only.’ e.g. Jan, Feb, Mar…..

Y

Capital form of character ‘Y’ is used to get the appearance of a Year as ‘Numeric and with four digits’ e.g. 2011, 2012….

y

Small form of character ‘N’ is used to get the appearance of Year as ‘‘Numeric and with two digits’. e.g. Year 2011 and 2012 will appear as 11 and 12 respectively.

How To Select A Affiliate Program?

October 20th, 2011 Comments off

As Internet and online businesses are growing day by day, affiliate programs are becoming a major source of income for many people. But on the other hand one cannot assume that all the affiliate programs existing are good and have the ability to pay back for the hard efforts taken by affiliate marketers. Hence it is very necessary to study the affiliate market and an affiliate marketing program carefully before making a selection. Below are some important points to be kept in mind before selecting an affiliate program.
Consideration After Registration – There are a few affiliate programs which consider an affiliate sign up just after the redirected visitor fills the required registration form. Even though no transactions occur, an affiliate to gets some sort of benefit for redirecting that visitor to the website.
Demand for Products and Services – It is important to conduct a survey about the demand for products and services should be carried out before selecting any affiliate program. If there is no demand then there is no point in promoting such products and services. According to many experts affiliate programs related to computer and Internet services, Web Hosting Affiliates is are the highest paying affiliates in today’s market.
Banners for Advertisements – An affiliate link can be promoted through attractive banners in a better manner. The webmaster should provide attractive banners to the affiliate marketers so that they can place such banners backed by your affiliate links at the place where then can get clicked the banners by prospective customers.
Terms and conditions for payment – Studying the terms and condition of Affiliate master is essential as few webmasters can place critical rules and regulation in their affiliate programs which may make the things difficult for affiliate marketers.
Tracking software – Accuracy in traffic tracking derived by affiliate link is very important, because it can create a dispute between webmasters and affiliate marketers if the traffic derived doesn’t get tracked properly.