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Domain name’s and it’s extension’s Role in your Business?

December 23rd, 2010 Comments off

Selection of domain names is one of the most important processes of starting a business. Because of high saturation of many businesses and service providers of same type of product and services, the competition for the reliable and suitable domain names is getting tougher and tougher day by day. One need to run hard and long for getting his own desired domain name. And as per common market rule the prices for domain names varies in the same proportion of their popularity. Its really a difficult job to find out the companies providing domain names at cheap rates.

We can analyze the importance of domain names by its major characteristics of providing automatic popularity because of being related with product and service and allowing to create email accounts which also focuses the same.

When things comes to extensions held by domain names, they make it a little bit easy to differ a same domain name with different extensions as example mydomain.com and mydomain.net are treated as two independent domains and has no relation between them. One should check out all the possibilities for the availabilities of a domain name with different possible domain extensions. As large scale businesses who mostly choose Dedicated Server Hosting as a web hosting option they generally get ready pay high amounts for their desired domain names but same can not be seen for shared hosting customers as they run their businesses with a tight budget.

Who can register a .CA domain name?

July 25th, 2009 Comments off

How to change the registrant owner for a registered .CA domain?

When a .CA domain is registered, a Registrant Account is created at CIRA – The domain registry for .CA domains. The registrant contact that is submitted and approved by CIRA at the time of domain registration cannot be changed as accepted their terms and policies during registration process of the domain name. The administrative contact can be changed, the techical & billing contacts can be updated by raising a Ticket [Email] at their HelpDesk.

The Registrant Contact can be changed by creating a New Registrant Account at the CIRA and the domain must be transferred to this New Account, the applicable fees have to be PAID before the domain is transferred to the New Account. The domain transfer for .CA domains is actually know as REGISTRY TRANSFER.

Required Information for .CA Domain Transfer
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01. Current Registrant Contact Information
02. Reason for Registrant Transfer
03. New Registrant Account Information
04. Domain Name
05. Request from both the New Registrant & Current Registrant
06. Payment for Registrant Transfer Fees

Who can register a .CA domain name?

The Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) automatically applies private registration to the following legal types:

* Canadian citizen
* Permanent resident
* Legal representative
* Aboriginal person

Reasons why domains cannot be transfered.

July 20th, 2009 Comments off

What is Domain Transfer?

A domain Transfer is the process of moving of domain from one domain registrar to another domain registrar. Generally when the domain owner are not happy with the existing registrar they choose to transfer the domain, the main reasons may be price, Quality of customer service and ease of use.

Reasons why Domains cannot be transferred.

There are several reasons why the owner may not be able to transfer the domain are:

1.       The domain is in ‘REGISTRAR-LOCK‘ status.
The owner should unlock the domain before continuing the domain transfer.

2.       The domain is newly registered, such newly registered domains cannot be transferred to another domain registrar till 60 days of completion wit the existing domain registrar.

3.       The email id present in the whois directory is not valid. The owner should update the email address in the whois directory by contacting with the existing domain registrar.

4.       The Authorization code for the domain is not been provided yet. The owner should ask for the Auth-code from the current domain registrar.

5.       The domain is expired; still the owner is trying to transfer the domain. If the domain expires before the domain transfer has been initiated, a possibility exist that the domain transfer can be denied even though the owner has submitted an order to transfer the domain before the expiration date of the domain.

6.       The transfer has not been authorized yet. Please check your email for the authorization email.

What is Authorization code?

An Authorization code is the alphanumeric code which adds extra level of security to the domain name registration. This code is unique for each domain name registered and is assigned by the registrar at the time of the domain registration. This ensures that the owner only can transfer the domain

This Code is very important while domain transfer process. This code must be requested from the current domain registrar in order to transfer the domain.

The Authorization code is also referred as Authcode or EPP code. This code is 6 – 16 characters.

How do I register a nameserver for a .CA, .UK or .EU domain in ENOM?

July 18th, 2009 Comments off

How do I register a nameserver for a .CA, .UK or .EU domain in ENOM?

Some TLDs have a different style for registration of name servers .
The name servers cannot be registered using the options — Domains >> Register a Name Server link.
To register nameservers for one of the CA, .UK or .EU domains, you need to enter the IP address of the nameserver and the nameserver name on the DNS list of the domain itself in the “DNS Server Settings” in the following format:

  • Go to Domains
  • My Domains
  • Click on the Domain
  • DNS Server Settings
  • Enter the name servers in the following format :: IPAddress—ns1.domain.tld extension (.ca,.uk,.eu)

For e.g :

156.55.1.1–ns1.number1domain.eu
156.55.1.4–ns2.number1domain.eu

The name servers takes minimum 24 hours for propagation. If the domain name servers updated for any other domain does not work, you need to contact your domain registrar and ask them to add the zone for the name servers in the official registry of the particular tld domain. This name servers are called as PRIVATE NAME SERVERS.

Domain Name Status Codes

July 18th, 2009 Comments off

Domain Name Status Codes

Whois records displays the detailed information for who is responsible for a domain name and other key information. In addition to the registrants and contacts for a registered domain name, WhoIs records display the status of a domain name. Each domain name has at least one status code but multiple statuses of a domain name are permissible. Status codes determines the reason as to why the domain name isn’t working, whether the domain is locked for unauthorized domain transfers. You can determine any domain’s status by performing a whois lookup on the domain.

Domain Name status codes vary by the type of protocol used by the official registry. There are two common registry protocols:

* Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) Status
* Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Statu
s

Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) Status Codes

There are eight different status codes in the Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) developed by NSI/Verisign. The two largest registries for .COM and .NET,  and some country code Top Level Domains (TLDs) use these status codes.

ACTIVE: In this status the domain can be modified and can be renewed by the Registrar. The domain will be included in the zone, if the domain is updated with atleast one name server.

REGISTRY-LOCK: The Official Registry sets this status. In this status, the domain cannot be modified or deleted by the registrar. To get access to this domain for modifiication, the registry must remove the LOCK status. The domain can be renewed. The domain will be included in the zone, if the domain is updated with atleast one name server. This status is not that common and is sometime used in disputes or during Redemption.

REGISTRAR-LOCK: The Registrar for the domain sets this status. The domain can not be modified or deleted or transferred by the Registrant/Owner. The registrar must remove REGISTRAR-LOCK status to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed and will be included in the zone. Status is very common. It is used to prevent unauthorized domain transfers.

REGISTRY-HOLD: The domain cannot be modified or deleted by the registrar. The registry must remove the REGISTRY-HOLD status for the registrar to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain will not be included in the zone. This status is used before a domain is set to delete and when a domain is subject to a legal dispute.

REGISTRAR-HOLD: The domain cannot be modified or deleted. The registrar must remove REGISTRAR-HOLD status to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain will not be included in the zone. The status denotes non-payment, expiration, or a domain subject to a legal dispute.

REDEMPTIONPERIOD: The Official Registry sets this status when a registrar requests that the domain name be deleted from the registry. The domain can still be obtained if the additional fees is paid along with the renewal fees for the domain name registration. The domain will not be included in the zone. The domain cannot be modified or purged; it can only be restored. Any other registrar requests to modify or update the domain will be rejected. A domain will be held in this status for a maximum of 30 calendar days.

PENDINGRESTORE: Registry sets this status after a registrar requests restoration of a domain that is in REDEMPTIONPERIOD status. The domain will be included in the zone. The domain will be held in this status while the registry waits for the registrar to provide required restoration documentation. The domain status will be set to ACTIVE only if the registrar provides documentation to the registry within 7 calendar days to confirm the restoration request.

PENDINGDELETE: Registry sets this status after a domain has been set in REDEMPTIONPERIOD status and the domain has not been restored by the Registrar. The domain will not be included in the zone. The domain will be removed from the registry database after being in this status for 5 calendar days. Once deletion occurs, the domain is available to be re-registered by anyone.

Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Status Codes

Newer domain extensions or suffixes like .BIZ and .INFO use Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) status codes.

The .ORG, .BIZ, .INFO and .NAME registries use EPP (Extensible Provisioning Protocol) multiple domain status codes unique to each registry. EPP domain status codes are typically more hard to understand than RRP codes. Each of the EPP Registries have slightly different terms.
E.g. Client Delete Prohibited means you can’t delete the domain they are easy to interpret without further explanation.

There are about 22 different EPP Status codes.

Domains in EPP Registries have a normal operating status of “OK” or “Active.”
Other additional status codes describe pending operations and restrictions regarding the domain.  In EPP status code, the word CLIENT refers to REGISTRAR in the RRP system.

For e.g. CLIENT LOCK is REGISTRAR-LOCK and the absence of CLIENT or the use of the word SERVER usually refers to Registry like LOCKED or SERVER LOCK is REGISTRY-LOCK.

Note :  It is important to understand that in the case of locked status of  a domain name at the registries,  several EPP status values combine to make a single RRP status.

Can I change a domain name or change the spelling of a newly registered domain name?

July 15th, 2009 Comments off

Can I change a domain name or change the spelling of a newly registered domain name ?

  • All domain registration are final. This is why it is very important to check your order thoroughly before submitting.
  • Once a domain is registered, the spelling cannot be changed.
  • You do have two opportunities to review domains and can back out of the order before you select to purchase the domain.

Minimum Required Information for New Domain Registration
===========================================

1. Domain should be available for registration.
2. Domain should not be locked by the Old Registrar for any reason.
3. Compulsory Registrant Contact, Administrative Contact, Techincal Contact and Billing Contact details to be supplied to the Registrar.
4. Number of years to be specified for the domain registration.
5. DNS Name Server for the domain.
6. Lock / Unlock status for the domain.
7. Set Password for domain control panel.
8. If you wish to set different MX records, then, you need to provide the details of the IP addresses for the MX records.
9. Host records and A records.

Domain Transfer Process for Generic TLD’s – .com, .net, .biz, .org, .info

July 15th, 2009 Comments off

What is a Domain Name ?

July 13th, 2009 Comments off

What is a Domain Name ?

Computers connected to the Internet have unique numerical addresses so that electronic information is delivered to the right place. The domain name system (DNS) translates the numerical addresses of computers into more user-friendly names. The resulting domain names are easier to remember and help people to find information on the Internet. A name that identifies an IP address is called a Domain Name. Domain names are used in URL’s to identify particular Web Pages. Every domain name has a suffix that indicates which level domain (TLD) it belongs. Domain names are classified into Top Level Domain, Second Level Domain, Third Level Domain & Fourth Level Domain.

  • Top Level Domain : A top-level domain is the highest level of domain names in the root zone of the Domain Name System of the Internet.
  • Second Level Domain : A second-level domain (SLD) is a domain that is directly below a top-level domain (TLD). E.g .co.uk.
  • Third Level Domain : A third level domain is written directly to the left of the second level domain.
  • There can be fourth and fifth level domain.
  • Generic Top Level Domain :  The core group of generic top-level domains consists of the com, info, net, and org domains. In addition, the domains biz, name, and pro are also considered generic, however, these are designated as restricted, because registrations within them are require proof of eligibility within the guidelines set for each.
  • CC-Top Level Domain : A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country.

ICANN rules for Domain Transfer Rejections.

July 13th, 2009 Comments off

ICANN rules for Domain Transfer Rejections.

A transfer may be rejected for the following reasons only:
=========================================

  • Evidence of fraud
  • UDRP – Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy Action.
  • Court order by a court of competent jurisdiction
  • Reasonable dispute over the identity of the Registrant or Administrative contact
  • No payment for a previous registration period (including credit card charge-backs) if the domain name is past its expiration date or for previous or current registration periods if the domain name has not yet expired.
  • In all such cases, however, the domain name must be put into “Registrar Hold” status by the registrar prior to the denial of transfer
  • Express written objection to the transfer from the Administrative contact – email, fax, paper document.
  • The domain name is in Registrar Lock status.
  • The domain name is in the first 60 days of an initial registration period

Domain Transfer May Not Be Denied for any of the Following Reasons:

* Nonpayment for a pending or future registration period
* No response from the registrant or administrative contact
* Domain name in Registrar unlock status
* Domain name Older than 60 days of registration

What is UDRP?

July 13th, 2009 Comments off

UDRP stands for ” Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) “. The UDRP was adopted by ICANN on 26 August 1999.

UDRP defines how disputes over domain-name registrations are resolved in the global top-level domains such as .biz, .com, .info, .name, .net, and .org. The UDRP includes a mandatory, non-binding, low-cost administrative procedure to resolve a certain set of claims — namely, claims of abusive, bad faith registration. This means a bad faith violation of someone else’s trademark. In situations other than these, the UDRP provides that disputes must be resolved by traditional means such as voluntary negotiation and lawsuits. The UDRP is part of the Registration Agreement that Internet users sign to register domain names in the global top-level domains.

The UDRP does not apply to country-code top-level domains, except in a few cases where the local administrator has decided to adopt it.

List of approved dispute resolution service providers of UDRP are as follows :

  1. ADNDRC – Asian Domain Name Dispute Resolution Centre
  2. NAF – The National Arbitration Forum
  3. WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organization
  4. CAC – The Czech Arbitration Court